By: Ted Dabrowski and John Klingner
A POB is a bad plan in so many ways, most of all because a city can’t borrow its way out of a debt problem. It’s destined to fail, it’s a can kick and it will likely cost taxpayers more in the long run.
Which is precisely why Rochelle, Illinois, should also drop the idea of borrowing money to fund its ailing public safety pensions.
The Rochelle News-Leader recently reported that “The city is researching an option to sell bonds in the amount not to exceed $15 million to fund all or a portion of the unfunded police and fire pension funds.”
The city’s pension funds have collapsed since 2005 when they were 92 percent funded. Today, the funds have just 65 cents for every dollar they need on hand to pay out future pension benefits, according to the funds’ 2017 actuarial reports.
The city’s unfunded pension debt grew more than 700 percent, to over $11 million, over those 12 years.
The real problem for Rochelle is that pension promises have grown too fast. Today, Rochelle’s active and retired public safety workers are owed $32 million in total pension benefits, double the total amount emergency workers were owed in 2005. Overpromised benefits are wreaking havoc in cities across Illinois and at the state level.
That fast growth, combined with low levels of pension funding, has left the city with pension funds that are moving toward insolvency.
Like so many other cities, Rochelle officials are looking for a silver bullet for their crisis. And like so many officials before them, they think that bullet is a POB.
But additional borrowing will do nothing to fix Rochelle’s crisis. It’s not a reform. It’s why government-management organizations like the Government Finance Officers Association advise against POB’s.
In fact, POB’s have a long history of only making things worse for the governments that try them. For example, Stockton, California, Detroit, Michigan and Puerto Rico – places that eventually went bankrupt – all issued POB’s as “Hail Marys” for their own pension funds. All three POB’s lost money, hitting their taxpayers with billions in extra costs.
Rochelle officials want to make a huge bet by borrowing millions – maybe for an amount equal to the city’s entire pension shortfall. That’s an unnecessary gamble the city’s 10,000 residents can’t afford to take. That’s especially true considering the recent interest rate hike and 1,000-point market tumble. Rochelle’s gamble is not just unaffordable, it’s a bad idea.
To further understand why POBs fail, read the below:
- Pension Obligation Bonds Are Like Big, Fat, Dangerous Margin Loans For Stock
- Chicago CFO’s Stupendously Bad Timing On Her Last Pension Obligation Bond
- A plan to make “bad pension borrowing” good? Greg Hinz is mighty confused
- Liquidation Sale. That’s How To Think About Chicago’s Proposed Pension Bond
- Emanuel’s misleading pension bond presentation to Chicago aldermen
- Chicago’s pension bond scheme: What an honest press conference with Rahm Emanuel might look like